Author: Sophie McCrary
You probably don’t know that much about poison dart frogs because they are an endangered species. Not many people know about them, even though they are a really cool animal. There are many different types of poison dart frogs such as the Strawberry poison dart frog, the Golden poison dart frog and the Sky-blue poison dart frog. Each different type of poison dart frog is special because they have their very own colored spots and names.
The poison dart frog lives in the rainforest habitats of the southern part of South America. Other countries that they reside are Bolivia, Costa Rica, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador and Hawaii. They can be spotted in trees, under leaves, under logs and other areas that they can hide in. They are hard to find because of how small they are. Poison dart frogs are amphibians and can grow as long as 1.5 inches. Like all amphibians, they like to stay near the water. Some scientists say that the frogs with brighter spots are more poisonous, but this still needs to be confirmed. Fun fact, did you know that the brightly colored spots on a dart frog warns predators not to get near?
The skin of the frog contains the poison and this poison has a strong effect on humans. Scientist believe that the toxicity on a dart frog is exogenous, which means the frog doesn’t make the poison itself. They believe the poison comes from the diet of the frog. The poison from the frog is absolutely deadly to humans. With one prick of the finger on the frog you would die within three minutes. Poison dart frogs can kill up to ten grown men. Although dangerous, the poison dart frog has some benefits. The poison can be used to make medicine. According to research, it contains certain proteins that can conduct an electrical impulse through nerves, muscles, and even the heart. The poison dart frog is one amazing creature!